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Rättegången mot krigsförbrytaren Adolf Eichmann inleddes för 60 år sedan

För exakt sextio år sedan startade rättegången mot den nazistiske krigsförbrytaren Adolf Eichmann i Jerusalem. Åklagaren Gideon Hausners inledningsanförande har blivit en klassiker:

In  the  place  where  I  am  standing  before  you  today,  Judges  of  Israel,  to  lead  the prosecution of  Adolf  Eichmann,  I  do  not stand  alone.  With me  are  six  million prosecutors.2  But they  cannot rise  to their  feet  and  point an  accusing  finger  towards him who sits  in  the  glass-encased  witness  dock  and  cry  out:  “I  accuse.”3  For their ashes are piled  up on  the hills of  Auschwitz  and  the fields  of  Treblinka,  and  are strewn  in  the  forests of  Poland.4  Their  graves  are  scattered  throughout the  length and breadth  of  Europe.5  Their  blood cries out,  but their  voice  is  not heard.6  Therefore I  will  be  their  mouthpiece7  and  in  their  name  I  will  unfold  this  terrible  indictment. 

Kommentarer:
1  6,000,000  Accusers:  Israel’s  Case Against Eichmann,  The Opening  Speech and  Legal  Argument of  Mr. Gideon  Hausner,  Attorney-General  (Jerusalem:  The Jerusalem Post,  1961),  was  an  official  translation  put out  by  the Government  of  Israel,  in  cooperation  with  Hausner,  a  couple  of  months  of  Hausner’s speech.  With  a  handful of  exceptions,  the  version  here  is  faithful to  that  text. 2  This  refers  to  the six  million  Jews  who  were  murdered  by the  Nazis  as  part  of  the  Holocaust  between 1939 and  1945. 3  The phrase  “I  accuse”  comes  from  the French  author,  Emile  Zola,  who in  January  1898  published  a famous  letter,  “J’Accuse”(meaning,  “I accuse”)  on  the  front  page  of  one of  France’s  leading newspapers.  He  was  writing to  criticize  the politicians  and  military leaders  responsible for  the Dreyfus  Affair,  in  which  a  Jewish  captain  in  the  French  army  was  falsely  accused  and  convicted  of treason,  setting  off  a  wave  of anti-Semitism.  The  case  was known  to  Israelis  as  one  of  the worst examples  of  the  growing  anti-Semitism  that  convinced  many  Jews  at  that  time  of  the necessity  of  a Jewish  state  and  because  Zola,  a  non-Jew,  was  widely  admired  for  his principled  stance.   4  Auschwitz  and  Treblinka,  in  Poland,  were  two  of  the  death  camps  in  which  the  Nazis  carried  out mass  extermination  of  the  Jews,  with  a  total of  perhaps  1.8  million  being murdered  in  them.  After being killed  by poison  gas,  the  Jews’  bodies  were  burned  in  the  crematoria  and  then  their  ashes  were buried  nearby.   5  One of  the Nazis’  techniques  for  murdering  Jews  was  for  special  units  in  the  German  Army  or  local collaborators  of  the  Nazis  to  march  entire  communities  into  the  forest,  force  them  to  dig  long,  open graves,  and  then  shoot  each  of  them,  causing  them  to  fall  into  the  pit  in  one  layer  after  another.  Such  graves  were  scattered  in  many  of  the  countries  that  the  Nazis  conquered in  Europe.   6  The  language  here  is  taken from  the  fourth  chapter  of  Genesis,  the  Biblical  story  of  Cain  murdering his  brother Abel,  which leads  God  to  tell  Cain  that  his  brother’s  blood  is  crying out  from  the  ground.    7  Hausner  is  using a  phrase  from  Exodus  (chapter  4,  verse 16)  when  God  tells  Moses  at  the Burning Bush  to  go  to  Egypt  and  demand  that  Pharaoh  let  the  Israelites  go.  When  Moses  objects  that  he  cannot speak well,  God  tells  Moses  that  he’s  sending his  brother  Aaron,  “And  he  will  speak on  your  behalf  to the people  and  he  will be  for  you a  mouth  and  you  shall be for  him like God.”  Hausner  is  using  that same language  to  say  that  he  will play  the  role  of  Aaron,  the  spokesman,  giving  voice  to  the  victims  of the Holocaust,  whose  role  is  more  elevated  and  who are the  sources  of  the  truth  that  he  will  speak.

Länk till anförandet i sin helhet, inklusive kommentarer.

Ovanstående inledning i ett filmklipp från rättssalen:
https://youtu.be/B7oSox54weU

Mer om talet och dess tillblivelse:
The Great Speeches – the Six Million Accusers by Gideon Hausner
https://www.anumuseum.org.il/blog-items/the-great-speeches-the-six-million-accusers-by-gideon-hausner/

The five Supreme Court Judges serving at the appeal of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann to the guilty verdict he received at his trial. חמשת שופטי בית המשפט העליון במהלך ערעורו של הפושע הנאצי, אדולף אייכמן על פסק דין אשם Photo: GPO, 03/22/1962
The five Supreme Court Judges serving at the appeal of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann to the guilty verdict he received at his trial. חמשת שופטי בית המשפט העליון במהלך ערעורו של הפושע הנאצי, אדולף אייכמן על פסק דין אשם Photo: GPO, 03/22/1962